GOURAUD, General Henri. 19546



Visiting Card, inscribed by Gouraud, unsigned. With the original envelope, addressed to General Edmund Ironside, Army Headquarters, India. 22 November 1934. Henri Joseph Eugène Gouraud (November 17, 1867–September 16, 1946) was a French general, best known for his leadership of the French Fourth Army at the end of the First World War. In 1911, after attending the centre des Hautes études militaires in France, colonel Gouraud was stationed in Morocco, where he was promoted to général de brigade. He was placed in command of the Fez military region, and in 1914 in command of all French troops in western Morocco. As commander of the French forces committed in the Dardanelles Campaign of 1915 (Battle of Gallipoli) he lost his right arm. From July of 1917 until the end of the war he commanded the Fourth Army on the Western Front, where he gained distinction in the Second Battle of the Marne. After the war, Gouraud served from 1919 to 1923 as representative of the French Government in the Middle East. He was the senior soldier during Franco-Turkish war. During this time he presided over the creation of the State of Greater Lebanon on September 1, 1920, and led the occupation of Syria.