Autograph Letter Signed, to Miss Alford, saying he has been painting two portraits over the New Year, but is now laid up with a severe cold. 2 pp. 7 x 4½ inches, minor blemish at one corner, otherwise very good. The Studios, Holland Park Road, Saturday morning, undated. Herbert Gustave Schmalz (1856-1935), artist. He changed his name to Carmichael in 1918. He studied at South Kensington and the Royal Academy, and then in Antwerp. Schmalz lived close to Lord Leighton and married the sister of Dorothy Dene, one of Leighton’s favourite pupils. He developed a Pre-Raphaelite style, and produced a number of Orientalist pictures. Following a visit to Jerusalem in 1890 his travel sketches were published in the Art Journal in 1893 under the title A Painter’s Pilgrimage.