GEORGE III. Commission of General Sir John Smith. 20253

£375

Description

Original Commission Signed ‘George R’ by the King upper left, appointing John Smith to be Regimental Colonel of the Regiment of Royal Artillery, countersigned by John Pitt, 2nd Earl of Chatham as Master-General of the Ordnance A large handsome engraved vellum document, 13 x 17 inches, in clean condition, folds. Our Court at St. James’s, 20 July 1804. A great document illustrating the career of an adventurous veteran of the American War, signed by King George III (reigned 1760-1820). General Sir John Smith (1754 – 1837), Royal Artillery, fought in the American War of Independence, being twice captured and imprisoned by the Americans. He was posted to Canada in 1773. After the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War he was involved in the Siege of Fort St.-Jean. He and the other defenders surrendered Saint-Jean on 2 November 1775 and were captured. He was held prisoner by the Americans before being released in January 1777. He rejoined the British forces at Rhode Island and saw further action during the American Revolutionary War. He fought with Sir William Howe during the Philadelphia campaign at the Battle of Brandywine, the Battle of Germantown and during the Battle of Mud Island. In 1778 he served under General Sir Henry Clinton during the withdrawal to New York and saw further combat at the Battle of Monmouth. He fought at the capture of Charlestown on 12 May 1780. In 1781 he served in Virginia before being forced to surrender at Yorktown on 20 October with Lord Cornwallis’ troops. Later he saw service in the West Indies, and during the invasion of Holland.