CHARLES II. 19047

£1,500

Description

Warrant Signed “Charles R” at head, to the Earl of Suffolk, deputy to the Earl Marshal, restoring Elizabeth, widow of Viscount Monson, to the honour and dignity from which her husband had been degraded “for severall crimes by him comitted in the time of the late Troubles”; she at the time of her marriage to Monson being the widow of Sir Francis Foljambe “a Person of great Loyalty to Our Royall Father of blessed memory” and one of the daughters of Sir George Reresby “who & his Family have faithfully served & been great sufferers for Us”; counter-signed by the Earl of Arlington (of Cabal fame). 2 pages 11 x 7 inches, in good condition, Royal wafer seal affixed, with integral blank bearing contemporary docket. Given at Our Cour at Whitehall, 31 December 1673. King Charles II (reigned 1660-1685). William, first Viscount Monson, had been one of the King’s judges, although not a signatory of the death warrant: ‘At the Restoration, Monson was excepted out of the Bill of Pardon and reserved for future parliamentary resolution as to his punishment. On surrendering himself on 21 June 1660 he was recommitted to the Fleet. By the July 1661 act of pains and penalties he was brought before the House of Commons and was degraded of all his honours and titles and deprived of his property. He was also sentenced to be imprisoned for life and to be drawn from the Tower through the city of London to Tyburn, and back again, with a halter about his neck. In petitioning the House of Lords on 25 July 1661 to remit this “most ignominious” part of the sentence, Monson claimed that he had attended the king’s trial in order, if possible, to prevent “that horrid murder”… The ignominious part of the sentence was, however, duly carried out on the anniversary of the king’s execution’. The beneficiary of this warrant was Monson’s third wife: ‘Her nephew Sir John Reresby later claimed that she left Monson when his political influence began to wane, “having sufficiently enriched herselfe by severall jewels and a greate part of his personall estate”… It was she who was accused in lampoons of having, with the help of her maidservants, tied her husband naked to a bedpost and whipped him… Monson appears to have died in the Fleet prison in 1673. His widow was restored to her rank as a peeress in April 1673.