CARLOS de España. 17440



Autograph Letter Signed, thanking his friend for “votre aimable attention”, discussing military officers, acquaintances, and much else. In French. 3 pp. 8 x 6 inches, very fine. Madrid, 15 April 1826. Uncommon. Roger-Bernard-Charles Espagnac de Ramefort (1775 – 1839), better known as Charles d’Espagnac or, from 1817, Carlos d’Espagne,was a French-born Spanish general who saw distinguished service in the Peninsular War, and as governor of Barcelona. In his letters and dispatches, Wellington refers to him as Carlos de España. He fought at the Battle of the Gebora, and was wounded fighting under the orders of General Beresford at the Battle of Albuera. In March 1812, he was wounded again at the Siege of Badajoz, fighting under the orders of Wellington, under whose orders he also fought at Salamanca. He was again wounded at the Siege of Pamplona in 1813. He was briefly governor of Madrid before returning to the battlefield at the Battle of Bayonne and at Vitoria, where he was again wounded. He was murdered by Catalonian Carlists while crossing a bridge over the river Segre, near Organya, and his body was thrown into the river with a stone round its neck.