BATH, John Granville, 1st Earl. 15577



An original Commission, signed ‘Bathe’ lower right, as Lord Lieutenant of Cornwall, appointing a Lieutenant “of that Troope of Horse consisting of Volunteers, whereof Jonathan Trelawney Esqr. is Captaine, to be raised within the said County, under my Command, for the service of His Majesty”, with the name left blank for Trelawney to complete. Vellum, 12½ x 9 inches, in an attractive calligraphic hand, with the armorial wafer seal, vertical folds, in good clean condition. St. James, 15 October 1661. The Trelawnys were staunch supporters of the Crown during the Civil War. John Granville, 1st Earl of Bath (1628 –1701), English royalist statesman, whose highest position was Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. He accompanied Charles II to exile, and mediated with the Long Parliament. In 1660, Granville was instrumental in the negotiations between his cousin Monck, and Charles II that led to the restoration of the King. Shortly after the Restoration, he contested the succession of the Dukedom of Albemarle, but lost. He was presently created Earl of Bath, Viscount Granville, and Baron Granville, and invested a Privy Councillor two years later (in 1663). In 1665, he served as the titular Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, although he never went to Ireland (and is consequently not considered a true holder of that office). In about 1680 he rebuilt Stowe House in a grand style befitting his new noble status.