BARRINGTON, Shute, Bishop of Durham. 7072



Autograph Letter Signed ‘S.Dunelm’, to Archdeacon Paley, offering him the rectory of Bishop Wearmouth in his diocese. 2 pp. 9 x 7½ inches, folds, surface creasing. Cavendish Square, 5 March 1795. Shute Barrington (1734-1826), Bishop of Durham. Barrington worked closely with Wilberforce’s friend Beilby Porteus, bishop of London, and after Porteus’s death he himself became Wilberforce’s principal episcopal patron. His high standing and influence, no less than his considerable wealth, were invaluable to Wilberforce, who described him to Hannah More as ‘a very sun, the centre of an entire system’ (Overton, 89). Barrington interested himself in Wilberforce’s causes, denouncing the slave trade, in his 1775 sermon for the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel, as ‘a traffic as inhuman in the mode of carrying it on, as it is unjustifiable in it’s principle’ (Barrington, Sermons, 45). Barrington was the most important ecclesiastical figure aligned with both the evangelical reformers and their high-church counterparts, known as the Hackney Phalanx. William Paley (1743-1805), author of Horae Paulinae (1790) and Evidences of Christianity, both mentioned by Barrington in this letter. Paley accepted the offer f the living.